Knowledge might be power, but it’s much more powerful when it’s shared! I share this article and lesson learned for the purpose of promoting our wildlife conservation journey. Human progress for health and prosperity has facilitated unprecedented developments in medicine, agriculture and industry, and improved the lives of many people. But our activities have been unsustainable and have caused widespread environmental damage in the atmosphere, on land, and in the oceans. Bringing degraded ecosystems back to life – for example by planting trees, cleaning up riverbanks, or simply giving nature space to recover – increases their benefits to society and biodiversity. Without reviving ecosystems, we cannot achieve the Sustainable Development Goals or the Paris Climate Agreement.
1. Lessons learned for you (broad-based education)
Successful people don't do great things, they only do small things in a great way. If you study history, you will find that all stories of success are also stories of great failures. Let me share short story with you about specialization.
Some animals in a forest decided to start a school. The students included a bird, a squirrel, a fish, a dog , a rabbit & a mentally retarded eel. A board was formed and it was decided that flying, tree climbing, swimming, and burrowing would be part of the curriculum in order to give a broad-based education. All animals were required to take all subjects. The bird was excellent at flying and was getting A's but when it came to burrowing, it kept breaking its beak and wings and started failing. Pretty soon, it started making C's in flying and of course in tree climbing and swimming it was getting F's. The squirrel was great at tree climbing and was getting A's, but was failing in swimming. The fish was the best swimmer but couldn't get out of the water and got F's in everything else.
The dog didn't join the school, stopped paying taxes and kept fighting with the administration to include barking as part of the curriculum. The rabbit got A's in burrowing but tree climbing was a real problem. It kept falling and landing on its head, suffered brain damage, and soon couldn't even burrow properly and got C's in that too. The mentally retarded eel, who did everything half as well became the valedictorian of the class. The board was happy because everybody was getting a broad-based education.
|2. Sustainable Development Goal 13|
Sustainable Development Goal 13 is about climate action and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. The official wording is to "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts". The Goal has targets to be achieved by 2030.
2.1) What is the climate?
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather experienced in a place.
Weather, on the other hand, describes day-to-day changes in our atmosphere.
You can check the weather by simply looking out the window. But you need a longer term set of observations to understand the climate.
We describe the climate by looking at temperature, rainfall, snow and wind data. This is usually averaged over seasons, years, decades, centuries or more.
2.2) Why is it Important to Plan for Climate Change?
Climate change affects every aspect of the natural environment. What’s more, each of these impacts often cause changes that affect other aspects of the environment, essentially producing a chain-reaction of changes within the ecosystem. For example, climate change causes temperatures to increase in many parts of the world. This results in milder winters in many regions. These milder winters sometimes allow insect pests to survive in greater numbers, and emerge earlier in the spring.
The science of climate change is clear. The climate is already changing, and additional changes are unavoidable. This is because greenhouse gases — carbon dioxide and methane, for example — persist for a long time in the atmosphere, which allows the gases to accumulate over time.
Find out more about why COP26 is so important here
2.3) Why use climate models?
Scientists use climate models to understand complex earth systems. These models allow them to test hypotheses and draw conclusions on past and futureclimate systems. This can help them determine whether abnormal weather events or storms are a result of changes in climate or just part of the routineclimate variation.
When creating climate models, scientists use one of three common types of simple climate models: energy balance models, intermediate complexity models, and general circulation models. These models use numbers to simplify the complexities that exist when taking into account all the factors that affect climate, like atmospheric mixing and ocean current.
This video explaining climate modeling was created by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in collaboration with Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
2.4) What Can Climate Models Tell Us About the Future and Past?
For many decades, scientists have been collecting data on climate using cores from ice, trees, and coral, as well as carbon dating. From this research they have discovered details about past human activity, temperature changes in our oceans, periods of extreme drought, and much more.
As more data points are collected, they increase the accuracy of existing climate models. From there, researchers establish climate variables that they want to keep the same, like cloud cover, and variables they want to test, like increased carbon dioxide, to evaluate hypotheses about future changes. These could estimate anything from sea level rise to increased temperatures and risk of drought and forest fires.
2.5) Why Are Climate Models Important?
Understanding past, present and future climate helps us to understand how Earth’s systems naturally function. This information, combined with climate models, allows us to determine how both natural and manmade influences have and will impact changes in our climate. These predictions and results can also suggest how to mitigate the worst effects of climate change, and they help decision-makers to prioritize environmental issues based on scientific evidence.
A climate model predicts future temperatures. This model was developed by several climate modeling research groups, including NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
Planning for Climate Change Will Not Be Easy, But It Is Necessary.
Since we cannot stop climate change, we must embrace climate change adaptation as a new and permanent element of conservation and land trust management plans. This means that some land trusts may even need to revisit their mission statement, conservation goals and selection criteria in order to maximize their positive impact in a climate changing world.
Balancing climate change with other threats to conservation priorities will prove challenging. However, many of the conservation strategies that land trusts have used over the past several decades to support the health of natural, agricultural and cultural resources are still relevant and useful when planning for climate change. In fact, since we cannot stop all the impacts of climate change, sometimes the best action may be to reduce other stressors in the ecosystem. For example, we cannot prevent sea level rise from flooding coastal marshes, but we may be able to increase the resilience of those marshes by reducing water pollution or protecting nearby natural areas from development.