Knowledge might be power, but it’s much more powerful when it’s shared. My name is Ussi Abuu, I'm a WildHub Core Community member who is working towards achieving the Conservation Catalyst status. I'm based in Zanzibar, Tanzania, and previously worked at the Tanzania Development Trust as a Mapper. I have also been part of the UN volunteer programme since 2016. I share this article and lesson learned for the purpose of promoting our wildlife conservation journey. Our activities have been unsustainable and have caused widespread environmental damage in the atmosphere, on land, and in the oceans. Without recovery ecosystems, we cannot achieve the Sustainable Development Goals or the Paris Climate Agreement.
1. Lessons learned for you (broad-based education)
Successful people don't do great things, they only do small things in a great way. If you study history, you will find that all stories of success are also stories of great failures. Let me share short story with you about specialization.
Some animals in a forest decided to start a school. The students included a bird, a squirrel, a fish, a dog , a rabbit & a mentally retarded eel. A board was formed and it was decided that flying, tree climbing, swimming, and burrowing would be part of the curriculum in order to give a broad-based education. All animals were required to take all subjects. The bird was excellent at flying and was getting A's but when it came to burrowing, it kept breaking its beak and wings and started failing. Pretty soon, it started making C's in flying and of course in tree climbing and swimming it was getting F's. The squirrel was great at tree climbing and was getting A's, but was failing in swimming. The fish was the best swimmer but couldn't get out of the water and got F's in everything else.
The dog didn't join the school, stopped paying taxes and kept fighting with the administration to include barking as part of the curriculum. The rabbit got A's in burrowing but tree climbing was a real problem. It kept falling and landing on its head, suffered brain damage, and soon couldn't even burrow properly and got C's in that too. The mentally retarded eel, who did everything half as well became the valedictorian of the class. The board was happy because everybody was getting a broad-based education.
|2. Sustainable Development Goal 13|
Sustainable Development Goal 13 is about climate action and is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015. The official wording is to "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts". The Goal has targets to be achieved by 2030.
2.1) What is the climate?
Climate is the long-term pattern of weather experienced in a place.
Weather, on the other hand, describes day-to-day changes in our atmosphere.
Along with other insects, butterflies are particularly audible climate change because of their cool nature.
Marine species are considered to be vulnerable to changes in sea ice distribution.
Climate change can influence humans directly, through impacts on health and the risk of extreme events on lives, livelihoods, human settlements, Demographic distribution and community behavior and indirectly, through impacts on water, Agriculture, food security and the viability of natural resource-based economic activity.
2.2) Why is it Important to Plan for Climate Change?
Biodiversity and ecosystem services support people to adapt to climate change through approaches collectively called ecosystems based adaptation. Conservation, restoration and sustainable management of ecosystems can help reduce vulnerability to climatic hazards such ecology, disrupting fishing, reducing food security and ultimately reducing climate change resilience in local communities.
The science of climate change is clear. The climate is already changing, and additional changes are unavoidable.
Find out more about why COP26 is so important here
2.3) Why use climate models?
Scientists use climate models to understand complex earth systems.
The global climate model (GCM) is a complex mathematical representation of the major climate system components (atmosphere, land surface, ocean, and sea ice), and their interactions.
The main climate system components treated in a climate model are:
• The atmospheric component, which simulates clouds and aerosols, and plays a large role in transport of heat and water around the globe.
• The land surface component, which simulates surface characteristics such as vegetation, snow cover, soil water, rivers, and carbon storing.
• The ocean component, which simulates current movement and mixing, and biogeochemistry, since the ocean is the dominant reservoir of heat and carbon in the climate system.
• The sea ice component, which modulates solar radiation absorption and air-sea heat and water exchanges.
Recognition is needed so that biodiversity conservation can support the achievement of climate change mitigation and adaptation aims, and reduce risks to the permanence of climate change mitigation and adaptation benefits.
This video explaining climate modeling was created by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in collaboration with Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
2.4) What Can Climate Models Tell Us About the Future and Past?
For many decades, scientists have been collecting data on climate using cores from ice, trees, and coral, as well as carbon dating. From this research they have discovered details about past human activity, temperature changes in our oceans, periods of extreme drought, and much more.
Climate models work like a laboratory in a computer. They allow scientists to study how different factors interact to influence a region’s climate.
2.5) Why Are Climate Models Important?
Understanding the past, present and future climate helps us to understand how Earth's systems work normally. This information, along with climate models, enables us to determine how natural and human influences affect and influence climate change. These predictions and results may also suggest how to mitigate the worst effects of climate change, and it helps decision makers prioritize environmental issues based on scientific evidences.
Wildlife depends on healthy habitats. They need the right temperatures, fresh water, food sources, and places to raise their young. Climate change is altering key habitat elements that are critical to wildlife's survival and putting natural resources in jeopardy.
A climate model predicts future temperatures. This model was developed by several climate modeling research groups, including NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies.
Planning for Climate Change Will Not Be Easy, but this will increase attention of environmental global goals and principle of justice.
Species may not be able to adapt to rapid climate change or to move fast enough to more suitable areas as their current habitats become less suitable for them.
Climate change is confusing those signals and forcing wildlife to alter their life cycle and seasonal events.
Changes in climate and extreme weather events have already begun to affect people and nature across the globe.
Oceans and seas are the largest storage of greenhouse gases and are an exceptional support system for life on this planet. Limiting overfishing, unsustainable development activities in coastal areas and the consumption of environmentally friendly products is now essential.